Sofia1 Gurko Str., Sofia
What does Sofia look like? – you may ask.
In a couple of words: exciting, surprising, busy, but – ancient and modern as well. It is located in Western Bulgaria, at the foot of Mount Vitosha, and is the administrative, cultural, economic, and educational centre of the country. The average elevation is 550 m above sea level, which makes it the 2nd highest European capital city after Madrid. Its coat of arms says “It grows but never ages”, its name means “Wisdom”.
Sofia is the 47th largest city by population in the EU and one of the oldest European capital cities, which Constantine the Great – the founder of the Eastern Roman Empire once called “My Rome”.
Prehistoric settlements were excavated in the centre of the present city, near the former Royal Palace. The well-preserved town walls from antiquity date back before the 7th century BC, when Thracians established their city next to the most important and highly respected mineral spring, still functioning today.
A number of ancient Roman, Byzantine and medieval Bulgarian buildings have been preserved in the city and its outskirts, including the UNESCO World Heritage site Boyana Church, the 4th c St. George Rotunda and the early Byzantine Basilica of St Sophia from 6th century.
Places of special interest are the Largo area with the Presidency, Council of Ministers and the former Communist Party House, Alexander Nevski Memorial Cathedral, Sofia Synagogue, Banya Bashi Mosque, Sofia University, the National Theatre and the Old City garden, the Archaeological museum, Slaveykov Square with its open-air books market, Rakovski Street and Vitosha Street – ranked as the world’s 22nd most expensive commercial street, the National Palace of Culture, the art galleries and Vitosha mountain.
Sofia has 38 museums, 11 state theatres, opera, operetta, symphony orchestras and numerous concert halls. The capital city has an extensive nightlife scene with many night clubs, live venues, pubs, restaurants, bars and casinos.
Sofia is just 185 km away from the Greek border, 55 km away from the Serbian border, 315 km from the Turkish border and 324 km from Rousse port and Danube River.
Sofia Airport is the busiest airport in Bulgaria, built in 1930. It is located only 10 km from the city center, in the eastern parts of Sofia. Over 30 airlines fly in and out of Sofia Airport each day, including some low-cost carriers. There are a few domestic flights, from Sofia to Varna and Burgas, as well as charters.
International trains provide a large number of routes to Sofia, arriving from Vienna, Budapest, Bucharest, Kiev, Istanbul, Vienna, Athens, Thessaloniki, Moscow.
Day 1: Sofia - arrival Sofia Airport, panoramic tour, overnight. Day 2: Sofia – Plovdiv Day 3: Plovdiv – Kazanluk - Veliko Turnovo Day 4: Veliko Turnovo – Ruse – Bucharest Day 5:...Read More